D2B & Will Rogers


  1. Keeley C, Boura JA, Grines CL.  Primary angioplasty vs intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a quantitative review of 23 randomized trials. Lancet 2003;361:13–20.
  2. Berger PB, Ellis SG, Holmes DR Jr, et al. Relationship between delay in performing direct coronary angioplasty and early clinical outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction: results from the Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Arteries in Acute Coronary Syndromes (GUSTO-IIb) trial. Circulation 1999;100:14-20.
  3. McNamara RL, Wang Y, Herrin J, et al. Effect of door-to-balloon time on mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006;47:2180-2186.
  4. Flynn A, Moscucci M, Share D, et al. Trends in door-to-balloon time and mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Arch Intern Med 2010;170:1842-9.
  5. Menees DS, Peterson ED, Wang Y, et al. Door-to-balloon time and mortality among patients undergoing primary PCI. N Engl J Med 2013; 369: 901909.
  6. Nallamothu BK, Normand SL, Wang Y et al. Relation between door-to-balloon times and mortality after primary percutaneous coronary intervention over time: a retrospective study. The Lancet , Volume 385 , Issue 9973 , 1114 – 1122;  21 March 2015.
  7. Feinstein AR, Sosin DM, Wells CK.  The Will Rogers phenomenon. Stage migration and new diagnostic techniques as a source of misleading statistics for survival in cancer.  N Engl J Med. 1985; 312:1604-1608. PubMed
  8. P. Sormani The Will Rogers phenomenon: the effect of different diagnostic criteria J Neurol Sci, 287 (Suppl. 1) (2009), pp. S46–S49
  9. Fokas E,Liersch T, Fietkau R et al. Downstage migration after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer: the reverse of the Will Rogers phenomenon? Cancer. 2015 Jun 1;121(11):1724-7
  10. Grilli L, Un paradosso statistico: l’effetto Will Rogers  Sis-Magazine – Online Magazine della Società Italiana di Statistica, 24 ottobre 2012.
  11. Smith ML, Goltz HH. What is hidden in my data? Practical strategies to reveal Yule-Simpson’s paradox and strengthen research quality in health education research. Health Promot Pract. 2012 Sep;13(5):637-41. doi: 10.1177/1524839911419290.